Гиндис 

Gingis M.I. - deputy chief technologist in RD-214

Чернобаев 

Chernobaev N.E. - Deputy chief metallurgist on RD-214

Плаксин 

Plaksin Yu.D. - Leading constructor of RD

Engine RD-214 

Engine RD-214

Engine RD-253 

Engine RD-253

Museum 

Exposition of Proton-PM in the museum

Exposition 

Exposition of Proton-PM in the museum

ОАО «Протон-ПМ»


History

1958Beginning of production of the Perm rocket engines

1958Beginning of production of the Perm rocket engines

The production of the first rocket engines in Perm is generally considered to date back to March 12, 1958 when Perm’s division of the Soviet council of national economy came up with a special order regarding the introduction of a liquid propellant rocket engine department at I.V. Stalin Plant No. 19. This same order stated that the division was to be run by S.F. Sigaev,
M.I. Gindis, N.E. Chernobaev, Yu.D. Plaksin, and S.G. Timchenko.

     Gingis M.I.     Chernobaev N.E.    Plaksin Yu.D.

1959Beginning of serial production of liquid propellant rocket engines

1959Beginning of serial production of liquid propellant rocket engines

The new production department’s major challenge was to start making RD-214 engines for R-12 rockets and launch vehicle Cosmos. In January 1959, an RD-214 engine made in Perm proved its worth in the course of a testing by OKB-GDL, the development design office and a gas-dynamic research laboratory in Khimki, now known as V.P. Glushko Energomash Scientific Production Association.It was after this testing procedure that the large-scale production of liquid propellant rocket engines began.

 Engine RD-214

1962Preparation of production of RD-253 engine for launch vehicle Proton

1962Preparation of production of RD-253 engine for launch vehicle Proton

Preparation of production of a more powerful RD-253 engine for launch vehicle Proton started in 1962. In fact, the plant had been supplying its customers with this type of engines for nearly a quarter of a century.

Engine RD-253

1964Birth of the "Second Production"

1964Birth of the "Second Production"

The year 1964 was a crucial one, as the rocket engine department was transformed into a separate and independent enterprise that came to be called the Second Production.

1987Production of new engine RD-275

1987Production of new engine RD-275

In 1987 the plant launched a modified version of RD-253 that improved Proton launch vehicle’s capacity and potential immensely. The new engine was called RD-275.

1995Foundation of the JSC Proton – Perm Motors

1995Foundation of the JSC Proton – Perm Motors

The Second Production was able to overcome the recession of the early 90s and chose to take part in Perm Motors’ restructuring process. The Second Production’s resources and Novolyadovskiy Aggregate Plant’sassets and prospects thus gave life to Proton-PM, a closed joint stock company. Today’s Proton-PM, an open joint stock company and a full-fledged member of Perm Motors Holding, was set up in 1995..

Музей     Exposition of Proton-PM

2008Nowadays

2008Nowadays

The company’s employees have every reason to be proud of their contribution to the creation of Proton LV that has been declared the world’s most reliable space transportation system. Over 370 launches have been performed by 2011. Proton was used for bringing Cosmos, Raduga, Ekran, Gorizont, Almaz, GLONASS, Express, and similar types of satellites onto the low earth orbit as well as for launching such space vehicles as Anik F1R, Direct TV8, WorldSat-2, Hot Bird 8, and Arabsat 4A. In addition, some automatic interplanetary stations (e.g. Luna, Venera, Mars, Vega, and Phobos) were brought onto their interplanetary trajectories and Salut and Mir manned orbital stations and modules of the International Space Station were launched with the help of Proton LVs.

Nowadays, the following companies entrust their satellites to Proton-PMs engines:

1. The Federal Space Agency/Roscosmos;

2. Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center (the globally recognized aerospace engineering producer);

3. The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation;

4. RAO Gazprom;

5. The Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation;

6. A number of foreign enterprises.